by Pat Holland

Grade 5
Essential Question
How do you build a nation that fosters unlimited economic
opportunities for newcomers?

Guiding Questions
What is the legacy of Joseph Jenks and how did his work impact colonial industry?
What tangible evidence remains which can be attributed to Jenks' work at the Saugus Ironworks?
Massachusetts History Framework Standard
5.10 On a map of North America, identify the first 13 colonies and describe how regional differences in climate, types of farming, populations, and sources of labor shaped their economies and societies through the 18th century.
Courtesy Boston Public Library, Fine Arts Department. 1954
Saugus Iron Works Paddle Wheel (Digitization requested)


Joseph Jenks was persuaded in 1642-1643? to emigrate from England to Lynn Massachusetts to operate an iron-smelting and foundry business.
Your team will search through photographs of artifacts and primary source documents of items produced at the Saugus Ironworks and determine the names and uses for the objects in question. You will also read both primary and secondary sources to explore the life of Joseph Jenks, master craftsman and inventor.


Your team will piece together photographs of iron products with their uses based upon your research. Your group will also create a concept map linking researched facts and significant accomplishments attributed to Jenks. Is there evidence that his legacy continued along generational lines ?

Lesson Process

Activity 1

You will begin by viewing digital images of a set of mystery artifacts attributed to the Saugus Iron Works Historic site. Select four artifacts and take notes on a T chart worksheet. You will then pull together your research working as a team to complete an Artifact Analysis Matrix (Library of Congress, The Learning Page).
T chart for mystery artifacts

  • First you will join a four person research team.
  • Second, choose 4 artifact pictures to investigate.
  • Third, Individually take notes on your artifacts using the T chart.
  • Fourh, as a team complete the Artifact Analysis Matrix.
  • Lastly, Determine the name of the iron product and how it was used by immigrants at that time.

Activity 2

You will also read and journal important facts which connect Joseph Jenks with the Saugus Ironworks and how his life as an immigrant impacted the lives' of early colonists in that time period. You must defend your answers using specific sources made available to you and refer back to the artifacts from activity 1 that were used during Jenks' time.
Jenks Life Facts Concept Map

  • Research available sources, cite source and page numbers to defend your answers.
  • Use Inspiration concept mapping software to document important factual research points about the life of Joseph Jenks.

Documents to be used are :


Each research group will present their T charts and concept maps to the class. As a result of these presentations, the class should be able to identify artifacts from the Saugus Ironworks and each T chart must contain pictures, the names of the objects and how they were used. Each concept map must reference the life of Joseph Jenks as a master craftsman and inventor and use research facts learned from this lesson. Be sure to acquaint the audience with the primary and secondary sources which were useful in your research.


The original Jan 2006, SIW Content Evaluation Rubric will not be modified.
Student will be able to...
use primary source documents to identify items produced at the SIW and how they impacted the lives of the colonists.
Students will identify >3 items and how they were used.
Students will identify 3 items and how they were used.
Students will identify 2 items and how they were used.
Students will identify 1 item and how it was used.
use primary and secondary source documents to illustrate a research point about the life of Joseph Jenks using a concept map.
Students accurately cite more than 3 facts about the life of Joseph Jenks. Use text, images, symbols, and links to show relationships between facts. Visual appeal is evident through good use of size, proportion, and colors. Correctly indicates type of sources used as primary or secondary.
Students accurately cite 2-3 facts about the life of Joseph Jenks. Text and images are used. Some links do not correctly show relationships. Visual appeal is acceptable. Correctly indicates type of source used as primary or secondary.
Students use 2 facts about the life of Joseph Jenks. Text and images are present but no attempt at showing relationships has been made. Overall visual is confusing or hard to read. Incorrectly identifies primary and secondary sources.
Students use only 1 fact about the life of Joseph Jenks. Only text appears in concept map. Spelling mistakes are made and incorrect facts are used. Concept map is disorganized. No indication of primary or secondary sources.


  • The Patent Office Pony (BPL Gov. Document T223.P2 D6) NOTE: Reference book page 11, 1st paragraph, improperly cites the Saugus Pot as surviving at the Essex Institute, Salem, MA.
  • New England Begins : The Seventeenth Century Vol. 2-J. Fairbanks and R. Trent (Hammersmith: The Saugus Ironworks as an Example of Early Industrialism p. 352-360)
  • 1993 American Foundry Magazine America's First Casting (Article)
  • History of the Manufacture of Iron in All Ages: And Particularly in the United States from Colonial Times to 1891. 1892. James M. Swank. Digitized by Google book Page 111-112 describes the history of the Saugus pot.
  • Economic and Social History of New England, 1620-1789. William Babcock Weeden. Digitized by Google book
  • The Romance of Steel: The Story of a Thousand Millionaires. Herbert Newton Casson. p36-38. Digitized by Google book
  • Jenks of Ohio website. Genealogy traces back to Joseph Jenks 1599-1683.